The from statement

Synopsis

  from(<pattern>,<pattern>,...|[<pattern1>, <pattern2>, ...]) {
     < statements to process files matching patterns >
  }


  from(<pattern>,<pattern>,...|[<pattern1>, <pattern2>, ...])  [filter|transform|produce](...) {
     < statements to process files matching patterns >
  }

Behavior

The from statement reshapes the inputs to be the most recent output file(s) matching the given pattern for the following block. This is useful when a task needs an input that was produced earlier in the pipeline than the previous stage, or other similar cases where your inputs don't match the defaults that Bpipe assumes.

Often a from would be embedded inside a produce, transform, or filter block, but that is not required. In such a case, from can be joined directly to the same block by preceding the transform or filter directly with the 'from' statement.

The patterns accepted by from are glob-like expression using * to represent a wildcard. A pattern with no wild card is treated as a file extension, so for example "csv" is treated as "*.csv", but will only match the first (most recent) CSV file. By contrast, using *.csv directly will cause all CSV files from the last stage that output a CSV file to match the first parameter. This latter form is particularly useful for gathering all the files of the same type output by different parallel stages.

When provided as a list, from will accumulate multiple files with different extensions. When multiple files match a single extension they are used sequentially each time that extension appears in the list given.

Examples

Use most recent CSV file to produce an XML file


  create_excel = {
    transform("xml") {
      from("csv") {
        exec "csv2xml $input > $output"
      }
    }
  }

Use 2 text and CSV files to produce an XML file


  // Here we are assuming that some previous stage is supplying
  // two text files (.txt) and some stage (possibly the same, not necessarily)
  // is supplying a CSV file (.csv).
  create_excel = {
      from("txt","txt","csv") {
        exec "some_command $input1 $input2 $input3 > $output.xml" // input1 and input2 will be .txt, input3 will be .csv
      }
  }

Match all CSV files from the last stage that produces a XML file


  from("*.csv") transform("xml") {
        exec "csv2xml $inputs.csv > $output"
  }